Many people would like straighter teeth but not everybody feels comfortable wearing conspicuous metal braces. Ceramic braces are a popular alternative since they are just as effective but much less noticeable. You might also consider Invisalign clear aligners – which are almost invisible – for your treatment.
In this guide we explain what makes ceramic fixed braces different to other types of brace, what options are available in the UK, and what you can expect to pay for them. We hope you find all the information you need to make up your mind about whether this is the right type of brace for you.
Table of contents
- 1 What are ceramic braces?
- 2 Alternatives to ceramic braces
- 3 Types of ceramic brace
- 4 Ceramic brace brands in the UK
- 5 What do ceramic braces cost?
- 6 Life with ceramic braces
What are ceramic braces?
Think traditional metal braces, only made from a white or clear material so they are less obvious.
Fixed ceramic brackets are bonded to each tooth and connected with an archwire. Sometimes the wire is also tooth-coloured (or ‘frosted’) so the entire appliance blends in with the teeth. Small elastic bands called ‘ligatures’ hold the wire in place on each bracket – and they are usually the same colour as the brackets as well.
During orthodontic treatment you will need to have checkups every 6-10 weeks. At these visits your orthodontist will check the progress of your treatment and make adjustments to the wire to keep your teeth moving in the right direction. Total treatment time is usually around 18-24 months but this depends on the amount of correction needed.
Patients often find their teeth are a little sore for a day or two after their braces are tightened, but aside from that there should be minimal discomfort.
Some ceramic braces use self-ligating technology. This allows the wire to automatically tighten and adjust itself, making the treatment process smoother on the teeth. It also means that no ligatures are needed since the brackets themselves clasp the wire.
Ceramic fixed braces come with a range of benefits:
- Discreet way to straighten teeth
- Suitable for both teenagers and adults
- Can treat a wide variety of teeth alignment problems, including severe malocclusion
- The ceramic material is strong and won’t chip or break easily
Many people undergo orthodontic work because they feel self-conscious about their uneven teeth. But as well as the aesthetic benefits, straighter teeth are easier to clean. So any investment in braces is also an investment in your oral hygiene for the future.
Ceramic braces vs. metal braces
Ceramic appliances use essentially the same components as metal braces and achieve much the same results. The difference is that the material used for the brackets is a clear or tooth-coloured ceramic. This means the braces blend in with the teeth and are much less obvious from a distance.
Around 75% of UK orthodontists offer these aesthetic braces as an alternative to metal brackets.
Although still noticeable close-up, they can help people feel more confident about wearing braces. Teenagers and kids avoid any “metal mouth” taunts in the playground, while adults at work might feel that clear braces make them look more professional.
Because of the more advanced materials used, usually ceramic braces cost more than metal braces. Wearers may also have to restrict what they eat in order to avoid staining the clear or white ligatures. Apart from these two things, there are no real drawbacks compared to metal braces.
In this video, one patient offers some insight into the difference between ceramic and metal braces. As you’ll see, she has clear ceramic braces on her top jaw and metal braces on her bottom jaw.
Patients may get this combination of braces for financial reasons; they only pay for more expensive ceramic brackets on the top jaw, which is the most visible.
Equally, dentists might choose not to fit a ceramic appliance on the bottom jaw for practical reasons if you have a deep bite. The ceramic material is stronger than teeth, which means teeth can chip if they knock against brackets on the lower jaw. Metal brackets don’t pose this problem.
Be aware that both types (and all braces, in fact) require special attention when it comes to cleaning them and your teeth. Your dentist will show you the best tools and techniques for removing food and bacteria in tricky places. This small inconvenience is worth it to ensure your teeth don’t get stained or damaged while wearing braces.
Alternatives to ceramic braces
Invisalign clear aligners
If you’re after an even more discreet way to straighten your teeth, there is the option of invisible braces such as Invisalign. These use a different system consisting of a series of clear plastic aligners which fit over the teeth.
These are a great alternative to ceramic braces since they are almost completely invisible to the casual observer with the added bonus of being removable. However, you must have the self-control to wear them for 20-22 hours per day.
Invisalign treatment is suitable for 90% of orthodontic cases and the price is usually equivalent to or lower than ceramic braces.
If you’re interested in treatment with clear aligners like Invisalign, you can check your eligibility right now using our free tool. Just enter a few details and you’ll get your results straight away:
Alternatively, you might consider lingual braces. Although made from metal, they are hidden behind the teeth so are very hard to detect. They can also be completely custom-made to offer more accurate results. The downside is they usually cost a lot more than other options.
You can read more about the different types of braces in our complete guide to orthodontics.
Types of ceramic brace
Clear ceramic braces
Clear braces can be made from either plastic (polycarbonate) or ceramic. The aluminium compound most often used in clear ceramic brackets is more durable and stain-resistant than polycarbonate.
If your teeth are naturally very white, clear ceramic braces are probably the best choice for you. The transparent material practically disappears on the surface of the teeth.
Clear ceramic brackets shouldn’t stain easily, but clear ligatures may. While these are changed at every checkup, you should still take extra precautions with what you eat and drink to limit any potential for staining. You can read more about this towards the end of the article.
White ceramic braces
Despite being referred to as ‘white’, these braces are actually designed to be tooth-coloured. If they were pure white, they would just draw attention to the fact that our teeth are naturally a bit yellow. But ‘off-white ceramic braces’ doesn’t sound as good, does it?
White ceramic braces look best against teeth that are a slightly darker shade.
A different aluminium compound is used to create the whitish colour of these brackets. With certain brands, it’s possible to get brackets made to match the shade of your teeth. Others come in standard shades that may not be an exact match.
As with clear braces, the brackets themselves won’t stain but the elastics might do.
Coloured ceramic braces
Although many people choose ceramic braces because they want them to be as inconspicuous as possible, there’s nothing to stop you from jazzing them up with coloured ligatures. Just like coloured metal braces, you can personalise them by choosing from a range of coloured elastics.
Ligatures are replaced at every visit so you’ll have plenty of chances to change your look.
Ceramic brace brands in the UK
Different dentists choose to work with different brands of braces for different reasons. For instance, things like the price, availability, quality, comfort, ease of fitting and removal, or customer service may influence their decision.
Some of the most common brands of ceramic brace available in the UK include:
- Damon Clear
- Radiance Plus
- Clarity (ADVANCED and SL)
Most dentists offer just one brand – possibly two. If you are set on a specific brand for whatever reason, you may need to look beyond your local clinic.
Below is a brief overview of the features and unique aspects of these brands:
Damon Clear braces use a self-ligating system which eliminates elastic ties – meaning they are unlikely to stain. Many patients find self-ligating braces more comfortable as teeth move gradually under constant pressure, rather than braces being tightened in stages.
This system may also result in a slightly reduced treatment time and fewer checkups along the way. This makes them a popular choice for people who want faster results with a convenient schedule.
Radiance braces, from American Orthodontics, are extremely strong since they are made of sapphire (the next strongest thing to diamond). With their glass-like appearance, many dentists say they are the clearest braces available on the market. It shouldn’t come as a surprise they are also one of the most costly.
The Clarity system from 3M uses translucent tooth-coloured brackets which are specially designed for comfort and ease of removal when treatment is complete. They have standard and self-ligating options.
These braces are not only tooth-coloured; they are made to match the colour of your teeth. They also come with tooth-coloured wires as standard. This is a metal wire coated in Teflon, so it’s possible for the coating to chip or become scratched, revealing the metal underneath.
What do ceramic braces cost?
In the UK, if you want ceramic braces for you or your teen you will need to pay for private treatment. Metal braces, on the other hand, are provided on the NHS to under-18s and some adults who have a clinical need for them.
There is no fixed price for any kind of private dental treatment since every dentist is free to set their own rates. The following is a rough guide to the cost of ceramic braces in the UK:
|Type of braces||Cost per arch||Material||Self-ligating?|
|Damon Clear||£1,500 - £2,750||Clear||Yes|
|Radiance Plus||£1,800 -£4,000||Clear||No|
|Clarity ADVANCED||£1,700 - £3,500||Translucent tooth-coloured||No|
|Clarity SL||£1,900 - £3,700||Translucent tooth-coloured||Yes|
|InVu||£1,800 - £3,200||Tooth-coloured (colour matched)||No|
Life with ceramic braces
In many ceramic braces reviews, wearers report feeling less self-conscious about wearing this style of braces.
But remember that these braces are still visible to some degree. Because people are less familiar with clear and white braces, they may actually take a longer glance at your mouth to work out what is in there. With metal braces, on the other hand, there is less curiosity.
Do ceramic braces stain?
The material used for the brackets is designed to be stain-resistant. However, there is a possibility that the elastic bands placed on each bracket will become stained from certain foods and drinks.
If you’re paying the extra for ceramic fixed braces that blend in with your teeth, it’s worth making an effort to keep them that way. This means brushing and rinsing your teeth after every meal and flossing every day. Your dentist can advise you on the best tools to clean between and around your braces.
You’ll also want to avoid or limit your consumption of foods and drinks that can cause ligatures to stain. These include:
- Coffee and tea
- Red wine
- Dark fizzy drinks like cola
- Tomatoes and tomato-based sauces
- Brightly coloured sweets
- Soy sauce and balsamic vinegar
- Berries such as raspberries, blueberries and blackberries
This is in addition to any foods your dentist tells you to avoid in order to protect your braces (usually chewy, crunchy and hard foods). Smoking will also stain your braces (and cause general oral health issues) so if you’re a smoker, try to quit.
If your ligatures do become discoloured, you’ll only have to live with it for a few weeks as they are changed at every visit. Make sure you keep up with your appointment schedule – the longer you leave in between visits, the greater the chance of staining.
Of course, if you choose a self-ligating appliance, you won’t have any ligatures to worry about. Cleaning as advised by your dentist should be enough to stop the brackets and wire from staining.
If you’re planning to get your teeth whitened to complete the aesthetics of your smile, it’s best to wait until after your braces are removed. This is because the whitening agent won’t reach the areas where the brackets are bonded and you’ll be left with a darker spot on each tooth.
Similarly, whitening toothpaste should be avoided while you’re wearing braces.
If you’re deciding between ceramic and metal braces your choice will come down to budget and aesthetics, since they both function in the same way. However, if you haven’t already considered Invisalign invisible braces, you may find that these are an even better solution for your needs. These clear aligners are practically invisible so most people won’t know you’re wearing braces at all.
To find out if you’re a suitable candidate for treatment with clear aligners, take our free test now. It only takes two minutes to get your answer.
We hope this article has helped you make the right decision about how to get your teeth straightened.
British Orthodontics Society https://www.bos.org.uk/Public-Patients/Orthodontics-for-Children-Teens/Treatment-brace-types/Fixed-appliances/Conventional Consulted 24th April
National Center for Biotechnology Information https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5198460/ Consulted 24th April
IntechOpen https://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/62469.pdf Consulted 24th April