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How to Remineralize Teeth: Strengthen and Repair Tooth Enamel

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remineralize teeth
Strong teeth are healthy teeth

If you've experienced loss of enamel, cavities and decay, you may be wondering how to remineralize teeth. Thankfully, there are things you can do at home⁠—tweaking your diet and adopting a few healthy habits are a great way to start on the path to re-mineralizing your teeth. That includes eating mineral-rich foods, taking probiotics, and getting enough vitamin D.

Additionally, you may also use some home remedies with baking soda and coconut oil to make sure your teeth remain healthy and strong. The whole process of tooth remineralization will also require you to cut down on certain foods, for example, those with phytic acid in them.

When it comes to keeping teeth healthy, you pretty much know the drill: avoid cavities, brush them twice a day, floss, and of course, keep yourself miles away from sugary treats and starchy foods. So it's naturally frustrating when, even after following this standard advice, you still get tooth decay. What could you possibly still be doing wrong? Probably not paying attention to tooth re-mineralization.

Remineralization of teeth is certainly possible and it's as easy as keeping up your normal daily hygiene routine. If you are interested in knowing what tooth remineralization actually means, how it prevents tooth decay, and the easiest ways to achieve it to optimize your oral health, keep reading!

How can you remineralize your teeth fast?

man working out
Strong teeth are part of a strong body

Tooth remineralization is the right answer to some of the most frequently posed dental questions like “how to reverse cavities,” “how to strengthen teeth,” and “how to reverse tooth decay.” But how exactly do you remineralize your teeth to benefit from all these dental benefits?

There are several ways to accomplish tooth remineralization to prevent caries and tooth death and acquire good dental health. Let's look at them one by one.

Avoid foods with phytic acid

During the 1930s, a famous dentist named Weston Prince set out to study the dental health of people living in remote areas with little or no contact with civilization. The dentist was astonished to discover how most of these people had good oral health with very rare cases of tooth decay and dental caries. As he investigated the reason, he stumbled upon a common thread—all these people ate a diet loaded with whole foods like fatty meat, wild-caught fish, vegetables and fruits, and whole-milk dairy products while avoiding certain grains and legumes.

What is so wrong with grains and legumes? Despite being very healthy (whole grains), they are rich in phytic acid, a known “anti-nutrient” that binds itself to minerals present in the body such as zinc, calcium, and iron and prevents their absorption. Simply speaking, the more grains you eat, the more phytic acid your body acquires which ultimately causes damage to the tooth enamel and increases the chances of tooth decay.

So, if your goal is remineralize teeth and protect your enamel, you can try going legume and grain-free for some time to reduce phytic acid levels in the body and give it a chance to absorb all the primary minerals. Until then, you may include whole foods in your daily diet like:

reverse tooth decay
Eating healthy can help remineralize teeth
  • Grass-fed meats
  • Pastured eggs
  • Wild-caught fish
  • Healthy fats from coconut oil and grass-fed butter
  • Organic vegetables

Of course, before making any drastic changes to your diet, it's always best to consult with your physician.

Heal your gut with probiotics

Consuming mineral-rich foods is not the only way to strengthen and remineralize your enamel. There are many other things that you may consider adding to your diet for a healthy mouth; one of which is probiotics.

Probiotics refer to the good bacteria present in your gut which not only protect your digestive system but can also reverse tooth demineralization and prevent cavities. This must not come off as a surprise, especially after the release of studies like this one that demonstrate how almost every disease in the body can be linked to gut issues.

But why should you include probiotics as a part of your oral care? What part do they play in remineralizing teeth?

Probiotics decrease the number of mutans streptococcus, a kind of bacteria found in the mouth that plays a primary role in tooth decay. Additionally, they also keep your gut healthy which means it is better able to absorb the majority of nutrients and minerals.

According to recent studies, the following probiotic strains can help you maintain healthy teeth:

  • Lactobacillus reuteri
  • Lactobacillus salvarius
  • Lactobacillus rhamnosus
  • Bifidobacterium animalis

Remember to include a high-quality probiotic supplement with the above-mentioned strains in your daily diet.

Get more vitamin D

Vitamin D is an important nutrient, not only for your dental health but also for other body systems. It helps the body to absorb calcium which strengthens teeth. While most of us are well-aware of its importance, not many people make sure to get enough of this vitamin.

Scientists have found that supplementing your body with vitamin D can greatly reduce the likelihood of getting cavities.

You may also consider taking vitamin K2 after seeking appropriate medical advice as it considerably enhances the absorption of vitamin D.

Use baking soda

Baking soda is an extremely popular and effective home remedy to whiten the teeth. It has even been recommended by dentists as a safe natural alternative to commercial teeth whiteners. Did you know that baking soda can also help you prevent cavities and maintain good oral hygiene?

baking soda
Mix baking soda with water

What's more, baking soda also reduces acidity in the mouth which may otherwise disrupt the layer of minerals naturally deposited on the enamel of a tooth. A reduced acidity level also makes it easier for fluoride toothpaste to remineralize and rebuild the enamel.

So if you think your teeth need a quick remineralization, all you need to do is mix one tablespoon of baking soda with 4 ounces of water and swish it once daily.

Perform coconut oil pulling

Oil pulling is a famous Ayurvedic practice that not only strengthens the gums and teeth, and freshens the breath but also helps remineralize teeth and prevent tooth decay. Numerous studies have proven that using oil can clear away the harmful bacteria, such as streptococcus mutans, which normally reside in the saliva and plaque.

Just take one tablespoon of coconut oil and swish it in your mouth for 20 seconds per day. The traditional Ayurveda recommends using sesame oil but for most people, coconut oil is a better choice as it has a better taste.

Watch the following video that shows how one woman remineralizes her teeth naturally:

Use a remineralization toothpaste

sensodyne repair
Sensodyne helps enamel

In addition to altering your daily diet and using natural remedies, your dentist may also recommend using certain toothpastes, like this Uncle Harry's alkalizing toothpaste for a natural option, or this one from Sensodyne that contains minerals and fluoride, to not only restore the lost minerals in your tooth but also make sure to keep the cavities away.

Hydroxyapatite toothpaste

Hydroxyapatite is a type of calcium that occurs naturally in your body. This calcium-infused constituent comprises almost 70% of your bones and is also the main mineral present in your tooth enamel. When your dentists tells you that you have a weak enamel, what they actually mean is that it has lost all of its hydroxyapatite molecules.

hydroxyapatite toothpaste
Try a hydroxyapatite toothpaste

Luckily, scientists have been able to synthesize hydroxyapatite molecules which are similar to the ones naturally found in the body. These calcium-rich particles are now being used for tooth enamel repair in people with loss of minerals to prevent cavities and poor oral health.

Toothpastes are probably the best and the most convenient products to get the maximum amount of bioavailable hydroxyapatite. So the next time you are shopping for toothpaste, you may want to get a toothpaste with bioavailable nano-hydroxyapatite crystals in it like this one that gets high ratings on Amazon.

One reviewer comments on how it's worth the price:

“Yeah, it costs a lot more than toothpaste in the store. But compared to the cost of dental work, this is a very cost-effective product. Just use a small pea-sized amount.”

Fluoride toothpaste

Hydroxyapatite might be the building blocks for your teeth, but it is the mortar that holds the blocks together. In the case of teeth, fluoride is that mortar.

There are two reasons why fluoride toothpaste is the best remineralizing toothpaste for teeth enamel repair: it prevents the loss of minerals from enamel and prevent cavities, and it helps incorporate the hydroxyapatite particles into the teeth when used in combination.

Try Xylitol

Xylitol refers to a natural sweetener that comes from the birch tree. In addition to sweetening up your everyday foods, xylitol is also considered as an important substance to remineralize teeth and protect the enamel. Xylitol helps maintain good dental health in a number of ways:

  • It kills bacteria by starving them to death
  • It greatly increases the absorption of calcium
  • It raises the pH of salvia making it more favorable for remineralization

Talk to your dentist about how much xylitol you can safely consume to remineralize teeth in the fastest way possible.

How does tooth remineralization help?

Now that you know how to remineralize teeth in the most effective ways possible, you must also understand why it is so important.

The biggest reason why you should remineralize teeth is that it helps reverse tooth decay and reduces the likelihood of cavities. The list certainly does not end here. Teeth remineralization can also:

  • Decrease tooth sensitivity
  • Control pain caused by decay
  • Improve overall oral hygiene
  • Restore the functions of damaged teeth
  • Cut down lifetime dental costs

Plus, it also positively impacts your overall health and may markedly improve your quality of life.

Maximizing tooth remineralization

dentist holding apple
Make your dentist happy with strong teeth

Mentioned below are certain things that you can do to maximize tooth remineralization and fight off cavities:

Do not dabble

Be in control of your dental health by forming habits that automatically promote remineralization. Instead of searching for a quick fix, find sustainable solutions that you may adapt to your lifestyle.

Begin early

Remember that the habits that promote remineralization also play an important role in the healthy formation of teeth, and this goes for both temporary and permanent sets of teeth. So, it is better if you start early.

Stay hydrated

Hydration plays an important role when it comes to producing saliva. It is also your primary defense against plaque and cavities. Therefore, make sure to drink at least eight glasses of water every day.

Live healthily

Get enough sleep, control your stress levels, and exercise on a daily basis. These three factors not only promote general health of the body but also have indirect impacts on your teeth by regulating hormones and running all the body systems effectively.

Cheat strategically

Even if you decide to have cheat days, do it strategically. For example, if you wish to drink a can of soda that severely cripples the remineralization process, try finishing it quickly at once instead of sipping it throughout the day.

Talk to your dentist

Even if you wish to stick to natural remedies to mineralize your teeth, do not forget to stay in touch with your dentist. Your dentist can help you with tracking your progress and documenting your results in addition to helping you gain access to products you may not find over-the-counter.

Conclusion

man at the dentist
Taking care of your mouth can be easy!

Teeth experience daily wear and tear and may at some require remineralization. Luckily, you can easily accomplish this at home with remedies like baking soda, vitamin D, probiotics, and mineralizing toothpastes containing fluoride and hydroxyapatite.

Have a look at the table below for a summary of things you can do to remineralize your teeth.

Oral hygiene Diet Lifestyle
Baking soda rinse Foods low in phytic acid Get enough sleep
Remineralizing toothpaste with fluoride Organic vegetables Exercise a little bit every day
Incorporate xylitol into your routine Healthy fats Drink 8 glasses of water every day

Don't forget to be in touch with your dentist to track progress and keep a check on the results.

FAQs

Can you rebuild enamel on your teeth?

Unfortunately, it is not possible to restore or regenerate enamel because unlike bone or skin, it is a non-organic tissue that lacks growing properties. Moreover, there is no other source of enamel in the body that can be used for the process of grafting. Luckily, you might be able to reverse a damaged enamel by using remineralization products.

What can I eat to remineralize my teeth?

Foods rich in calcium, such as almonds, cheese, milk, and leafy green vegetables, can be eaten for mineralizing your teeth. Additionally, phosphorus-rich foods like eggs, fish, and whole meat can also be eaten for this purpose.

Can baking soda remineralize teeth?

While baking soda does not directly mineralize teeth, it may aid the process. For instance, it reduces acidity in the mouth which may otherwise disrupt the layer of minerals naturally deposited on the enamel of a tooth. A reduced acidity level also makes it easier for fluoride toothpaste to remineralize and rebuild the enamel.

Can you reverse a cavity?

A cavity is formed due to the loss of minerals from the enamel. This is definitely reversible in early stages with the help of different remedies like baking soda, fluoride toothpaste, and probiotics. However, if the process of tooth decay continues, more minerals keep getting lost, weakening the enamel, deepening the cavity, and causing tooth pain. At this stage, the cavity becomes irreversible and can only be repaired with a filling.

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Contributors:
Dr. Junaid Tariq
Dr. Junaid Tariq
Dr. Junaid Tariq is a professional content creator and copywriter. The meticulous nature of his MBBS degree proved invaluable in sculpting his research skills and honing his writing efficiency. In addition to working as a content creator, Dr. Tariq continues to fulfill his duties as a medical doctor at a local hospital and has acquired hands-on experience in both acute and chronic patient care. From white papers to blogs, Dr. Tariq writes everything, simplifying complex scientific concepts into basic terms to create something easily accessible and readable for the majority.
You can follow him on his blog: https://themedchronicles.com/
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