Do Medicaid and Medicare Cover Dental? Complete Guide to Low-Income Dental Care

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Medicare and dental coverage
Confused about Medicaid and dental?

The topic of Medicare and Medicaid dental coverage causes a lot of confusion for people looking for a way to help pay for dental work. And even if you do find low-cost dental care, it can be difficult to find dentists that accept Medicaid. There are a plethora of questions surrounding healthcare and especially dental care in the US.

Do you want to know about state-funded and federally-funded healthcare?

Or maybe you’re just wondering where you can find dental clinics for low-income families or individuals. 

Oh yeah, and what in the world is CHIP by the way? (Besides being a delicious, crunchy, salty snack of course).

It doesn’t matter what your beliefs are when it comes to the current healthcare debate surrounding health insurance in the US — when you need dental care, you need dental care. The good news is, once you understand a little bit better how the system works, who to contact for which service, and which Medicare and Medicaid dental benefits you may be eligible for, the process becomes much easier. And you may find yourself among the many Americans who manage to find dental care despite the confusing system.

That’s why this article will cover everything you need to know about state-funded health insurance and low-cost dental options, including:

  • Medicare dental coverage
  • Medicaid dental coverage
  • CHIP dental coverage
  • Low-income dental care options

So keep reading and we’ll unscramble the mystery that is healthcare in the United States together!

Medicare dental coverage

low-income dental care
Medicaid and Medicare dental coverage can be confusing

Unfortunately, Medicare dental benefits are extremely limited. Medicare does not cover the majority of dental services, whether it’s general or cosmetic dentistry. This means that you will have to pay the total cost for most dental services. There are, however, some situations when Medicare can cover dental care, which we will layout below.

What is Medicare?

In order to understand what Medicare covers for dental, you will first need to know what Medicare is. According to Medicare.gov, Medicare is the only federal health insurance program for those who fall into one or more of the following categories: 

  • Individuals who are 65 and older
  • Individuals younger than 65 with disabilities
  • Individuals with End-Stage Renal Disease (permanent kidney failure that requires dialysis or a transplant).

Furthermore, there are three different types of Medicare:

  • Medicare Part A covers hospital insurance
  • Medicare Part B covers medical insurance
  • Medicare Part D covers prescription drugs

You can have one, some or all of the parts of Medicare. You can also opt for Medicare Advantage (Part C) which bundles together the various parts. 

Medicare dental benefits

Some instances where Medicare Part A may pay for dental care include:

Medicare and dental
Medicare Advantage can cover dental
  • A stay at the hospital involving dental work
  • Emergency dental Medicaid care

Medicare dental plans

Just because you’re over 65 years of age doesn’t mean you should have to neglect your pearly whites. That’s why some private insurers offer Medicare Advantage plans. These medicare dental plans have to cover everything that Original Medicare covers (Medicare Part A, B, D) and in some cases offer additional dental coverage as well, such as:

  • Cleanings
  • Exams
  • X-rays
  • diagnostic services
  • Restorative services (fillings)
  • Root canal treatment
  • Gum disease treatments
  • Extractions
  •  Crowns, bridges, implants, dentures

How much does Medicare Advantage for dental coverage cost?

If you are looking for Medicare dental coverage, you may want to consider a Medicare Advantage plan. With a Medicare Advantage plan,  you will most likely pay a copayment or coinsurance, just like with any health insurance through the Affordable Care Act. There also may be an annual limit on how much Medicare Advantage will cover for your dental care, so make sure you read your insurance contract and ask your provider if you have any specific questions pertaining to Medicare dental plans.

Medicare supplement dental insurance

If you need a supplement to your Medicare dental care to help cover costs, ask your dentist if they offer a dental savings plan. You can also purchase a supplemental dental insurance policy. To pursue either of these options, talk with your dentist and call your preferred insurance provider to learn about all of your options. Also, check out our article that talks about affordable dental insurance for low-income seniors for more information on finding low-cost dental care if you are 65 years or older.

To recap, the following video provides a clear summary of Medicare dental coverage and what services are included:

Medicare dental coverage

Medicaid dental care

You may find that you confuse Medicare and Medicaid dental coverage. For better or for worse, Medicaid and Medicare have similar names, which can cause a lot of confusion when trying to find out more about your Medicare or Medicaid dental care options. Now you know what Medicare is, so let’s take a look at Medicaid and what Medicaid covers for dental.

What is Medicaid?

Medicaid is a program that provides health coverage to Americans who fall into these categories:

  • Low-income adults
  • Children
  • Pregnant women
  • Low-income elderly adults
  • People with disabilities

Unlike Medicare, Medicaid coverage is not the same in every state. Instead, each state has its own coverage, whether for Medicaid dental or medical care. 

Does Medicaid cover dental for children?

Medicaid dental coverage for children
Children who are eligible can receive Medicaid dental benefits

Let’s start with the good news. Dental help for children from low-income families is mandatory. States are required to provide dental benefits to children covered by Medicaid, so they won’t have to suffer through toothaches and cavities. The benefits required are listed under the Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment (EPSDT) benefit. If your child has Medicaid dental insurance, it must include:

  • Pain relief and infection treatment
  • Tooth restoration
  • Dental health maintenance
  • Any service that is determined to be medically necessary

It is mandatory for the state to cover the same services to children on Medicaid as would be covered by any other private insurance plan. That means a designated dentist, routine cleaning and screening for illnesses. 

Medicaid dental for adults

Dental help for low-income adults is a bit more complicated. Each state gets to choose what Medicaid dental for adults they will provide. There are no minimum requirements for adult dental coverage and less than half of the states in the US provide coverage for emergency dental care. 

That being said—do not despair!

If you are an adult on Medicaid and your state doesn’t cover the services you need, there may be other options available to you. We’ll talk about these options further down in the article. 

Medicaid dental providers for adults and children

According to the American Dental Association, 36% of lower-income Americans have lived through untreated cavities. Dentists that take Medicaid can be hard to find, in fact, only 38% of dentists in the US accept Medicaid. The low percentage of participation of Americans in Medicaid may be due to the facts that:

  • Many states make it very difficult for providers to become dentists that accept Medicaid
  • Those who can receive dental coverage from Medicaid in their state are unaware. 

If you need to find a dentist that takes Medicaid, Medicare or CHIP, you can go to Dentaquest’s Find a Dentist page and search by state. 

Another way to find a dentist that accepts Medicaid is simply by calling an office near you and asking. 

Also, you’ll most likely receive a booklet along with your Medicaid insurance information. Inside should be listed all of the Medicaid dental providers in your area.

Medicaid dental coverage by state

States that provide extensive Medicaid dental coverage States that provide limited Medicaid dental coverage States that only cover emergency Medicaid dental services States that don't provide any Medicaid dental coverage States who expanded Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act
Alaska, California, Connecticut, Iowa, Massachusetts, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington, Wisconsin Arkansas, Colorado, Ilinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Lousiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Pennsylvannia, South Carolina, South Dakota, Vermont, Virginia, Wyoming Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Maryland, Mississippi, Nevada, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, West Virginia Alabama, Delaware, Tenessee Arizona, Hawaii, Maryland, Nevada, Hew Hampshire, West Virginia, Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Alaska, California, Connecticut, Iowa, Massachussets, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Orgegon, Rhode Island, Washington

 

As you can see from this table that shows Medicaid dental coverage by state, different benefits are given to those in the Medicaid base population and Medicaid expansion population. People who fall into the Medicaid base population are those who were receiving Medicaid before the Medicaid Expansion Program under the Affordable Care Act. People who fall into the Medicaid expansion population are those who began receiving Medicaid benefits after the ACA gave states the option to expand funding for Medicaid. This was done in an attempt to close the coverage gap between insured and uninsured Americans.

Washington DC, as with the states, makes its own Medicaid rules. It offers extensive Medicaid dental coverage to both the Medicaid base population and the Medicaid expansion population.

CHIP dental coverage

Does CHIP cover dental?
Children can be covered by CHIP dental insurance

The Children’s Health Insurance Plan is part of the Affordable Care Act and provides health coverage for children under 21 years old. Similar to Medicaid, states can design their own CHIP program, whether that be a Medicaid expansion program, a separate CHIP program or a combination of the two. 

Unlike Medicaid, no matter the state, CHIP dental insurance must provide the EPSDT benefit mentioned above, meaning:

  • Hospital services, both inpatient and outpatient
  • Physicians’ surgical and medical services
  • Laboratory and X-ray services

CHIP dental plans

If a state chooses separate CHIP dental coverage, the plans offered must provide Benchmark coverage—that is, coverage equal to the benefits that would be provided by one of the following plans:

  • The most popular Federal Employee dental plan for dependents
  • The most popular dental plan selected for state employees’ dependents
  • Dental coverage offered through the most popular insurer in the state

These rules are important because they level the playing ground and make sure that children from low-income families can benefit from the same quality of dental care as children from higher-income families. 

How to find low-income dental care near me

So, what do you do if you don’t qualify for Medicaid, or your Medicare doesn’t cover your dental, but you can’t afford a private plan or to pay out-of-pocket for dental care? People who don’t qualify for Medicaid normally don’t qualify for one of the following reasons:

  • Income is considered too high 
  • Their state didn’t expand Medicaid under the ACA
  • They aren’t legal citizens of the United States

If you find yourself in one of these categories, there are still ways to access low-income dental care.

Local Health Departments

The Health Resources and Services Administration has a service called the Bureau of Primary Health Care, which supports federally funded community health centers throughout the country. These centers provide free or reduced-cost services, including free dental care for low-income individuals and families. 

I know, I know, you’re probably thinking “great, but how do I find one of these community health centers?”

Well, you’re in luck! The HRSA has a user-friendly page that will help you locate your nearest community health center. When you call them, ask them about all of the dental services for low-income individuals that they are aware of, because there may be some dental assistance for low-income that they forget to tell you about—that way you’ll have a few to check out. 

Dental Schools

Dental assistance for low income
Dental schools can be a great place to access low-income dental care

ADA dental schools provide high-quality, low-cost dental care. You can be sure that you are receiving the same quality of care that you would in any dental clinic, because each student is supervised by an experienced, licensed dentist. Search for a dental school near you here, and call them up to see if you can get free or reduced dental care. 

In the same vein, a dental hygiene school near you may also provide reduced-cost cleanings. So when you call the dental school, ask if they know of a hygiene school nearby. 

Clinical trials

If you have an oral condition that you can’t find affordable treatment for, you may benefit from participating in a clinical trial. If you want to pursue this option, check out this page and type in the condition you have to see if there are any clinical trials that can save you money on dental care. 

United Way

The United Way is a large nonprofit that has chapters all throughout the country. They are very active participants in the communities they serve, and may very well be able to point you in the direction of low-cost dental care, and any other service you may need. 

Healthcare Navigator

free dental care for low income
Sometimes you need help figuring out when, where and how to find dental coverage

If you’ve read all this and you still feel lost, it may be time to enlist some help. Finding dental assistance for low-income adults can be really complicated. If you feel overwhelmed, you are not alone. Many low-income families have trouble finding dental care in the US. That’s where Healthcare Navigators come in. Healthcare Navigators are trained to understand the healthcare system.

And the best part is?

It’s of no cost to you!

They will help you find access to healthcare and dental care, whether through the ACA or through other means if you don’t qualify for the ACA. They are equipped with tons of helpful resources and are constantly working with other nonprofits to make referrals to provide integrated care. 

But wait! There’s even more good news about Healthcare Navigators…

They are happy to help people from all income levels navigate America’s healthcare system. If you make too much money for state-funded insurance, they will help you complete the health insurance application for the ACA and show you how to view the results. They can’t, however, give you advice on which private plan to choose, since they are not paid by any insurance companies. But they’ll make sure you don’t make a mistake on the online application, because if you’ve ever done that before, then you know how frustrating it can be to fix. 

But be aware: Healthcare Navigators are not the same as Health Insurance Brokers. Brokers get paid by insurance companies for signing clients up for private plans, and you will have to pay for their services. In fact, if you aren’t eligible financially for a private plan, a broker will most likely refuse to help you.

So, where can you find one of these Navigators? Healthcare.gov provides a page where you can go to find a Health Insurance Navigator near you. 

Dental financing

Dental financing including payment plans, dental loans and dental credit cards may be another option if you are looking for dental assistance for low-income adults. You can check your eligibility for dental or medical loans right away by visiting SuperMoney to receive personalized loan offers in minutes.

Conclusion

Anyone who has ever needed dental care, but hasn’t been able to afford it, knows that it can feel like a hopeless and desperate situation. The good news is that there are plenty of nonprofit organizations that want you to take part in their services. After all, that’s how they continue to get funding from the state. The table below summarizes the programs we’ve talked about in this article:

Program Community served Covers medically necessary dental care?
Medicare Individuals older than 65, individuals younger than 65 with disabilities, individuals with End-Stage Renal Disease Only with Medicare Advantage through a private insurance provider
Medicaid Low-income individuals, families and children Always for children, sometimes for adults depending on the state
CHIP Children from low-income families Yes

 

So, if you need dental care but can’t afford it you can:

  • See if you qualify for Medicaid and find Medicaid dental providers near you
  • See if you qualify for Medicare
  • See if your children qualify for CHIP
  • Look for dental schools or charities that will help with dental costs for low-income individuals and families
  • Ask a health insurance navigator for help

FAQs

Does Medicaid cover dental crowns and other work?

Medicaid always covers medically-necessary dental work for children. Medicaid doesn’t always cover dental work for adults, it depends on the state you live in. 

How do I find a Medicaid dentist near me?

To find a Medicaid dentist near you, you can start by simply calling clinics in your area and asking if they are a Medicaid dental provider. Additionally, when you receive your Medicaid insurance packet, a booklet will be provided with dentists that take Medicaid in your area.

Does Medicare cover dental implants?

See if Medicare Advantage will cover your dental implants

Dental implants are a common dental procedure, so it makes sense that one of the most common questions concerning Medicare is “does Medicare cover dental implants?” Medicare Parts A and B do not cover dental implants. (Medicare Part D is prescription drug coverage, so it doesn’t either). A Medicare Advantage Plan may cover dental implants but you’ll want to be sure to ask the insurer who offers the Medicare dental plan about the specifics.

For more information on affordable dental implants, check out this page.

Does Medicaid cover dental implants?

Medicaid will cover dental implants in children if they are medically necessary. Medicaid does not always cover dental implants for adults, as each state gets to decide what their Medicaid program covers. So, Medicaid will pay for dental implants if your state has opted to cover that service.

If you can’t find affordable dental implants on Medicaid and feel like combining travel with cheap dental implants, check out our dental tourism page. 

Does Medicaid cover dental bridges?

Similarily to implants, Medicaid covers treatment like dental bridges, crowns and root canal treatment depending on the state you live in. 

Does Medicare cover dental work?

The question “does Medicare pay for dental” is complicated. That’s because Medicare Parts A, B and D do not cover dental work. But Medicare Advantage might. If you are looking for Medicare dental plans, you may want to consider a Medicare Advantage Plan purchased through a private insurer.

Does Medicaid cover dental for adults?

Medicaid dental care
The state you live in decides if Medicaid covers dental

Medicaid covers dental care for adults only in certain states, and each of these states chooses whether they want to provide limited, extensive, or emergency-only care. The states that currently provide at least limited dental care for their Medicaid base population are: AK, CA, CT, IA, MA, MO, NJ, NM, NY, NC, ND, OH, OR, RI, WA, WI.

How do I find low-income dental care near me?

To find dental clinics for low-income families or individuals:

  • Contact your local health department
  • Contact a local dental school
  • Participate in a clinical study
  • Call the United Way
  • Contact a Health Insurance Navigator

And to find dentists and dental clinics that accept Medicaid:

  • Consult the provider booklet that came with your insurance to find Medicaid dental offices
  • Call clinics near you to ask
  • Call a Healthcare Navigator to assist you to find Medicaid dental clinics
  • Visit dentaquest.com 

Does CHIP cover dental?

The Children’s Health Insurance Program does cover dental, and it must include the following services:

  • Pain and infection relief
  • Tooth restoration
  • Dental health maintenance

Does pregnancy Medicaid cover dental?

Does pregnancy Medicaid cover dental
Many women are eligible for Medicaid while they are pregnant

Medicaid may cover dental work during your pregnancy depending on your income level and the state you live in. Even if you aren’t eligible for Medicaid normally, you may find that you are eligible for Medicaid during pregnancy. 

If this is the case, you should complete the ACA health insurance application, and remember two very important things:

  • Where it asks if you are pregnant, mark “yes”
  • If it asks if you have a special “life event,” mark “yes”

Additionally, if you ask for help in completing the form, or correcting mistakes you may have made on the form, make sure to tell the person helping you that you have a “life event” because you are pregnant. 

Can I get Medicaid coverage for past dental bills?

If you had a dental procedure that you had to pay for out-of-pocket because you didn’t have health insurance, you should find out if you would have qualified for Medicaid during that time. Retroactive Medicaid can go back up to three months and cover dental bills you may have incurred. Of course, this depends on if your state Medicaid plan covers dental for adults. If you want to see if you can get retroactive Medicaid for dental bills within the past three months, you should contact a Healthcare Navigator to help you, as it can be a complicated process. 

Does Medicaid cover dental braces?

If deemed medically necessary, Medicaid will cover dental braces for children. In some states, if there is a medical need, Medicaid will cover braces for adults. 

 

Do Medicaid and Medicare Cover Dental? Complete Guide to Low-Income Dental Care
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Contributors:
Natalie Asmussen
Natalie Asmussen
Natalie Asmussen on LinkedinNatalie Asmussen on Website
Natalie worked in the medical sector for several years and now writes informative content about dentistry and healthcare.
Sources

Medicare.gov: What’s Medicare? Consulted 9 July, 2019.

CHCS: Medicaid Adult Dental Benefits: An Overview. Consulted 8 July, 2019.

ADA: The Dental Divide in America. Consulted 9 July, 2019.

Medicaid.gov: Dental coverage. Consulted 16 July, 2019.

HHS.gov: Does Medicaid cover dental? Consulted 16 July, 2019.

ADA.org: Dental benefits and Medicaid. Consulted 16 July, 2019.

HRSA.gov: Find a health center. Consulted 16 July, 2019.

ADA.org: Search for dental programs. Consulted 16 July, 2019.

Clinicaltrials.gov: Find a study. Consulted 16 July, 2019.

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