Activated Charcoal for Teeth Whitening – Does it Really Work?

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So, you’ve heard people raving about using activated charcoal to whiten teeth and a whole load of other things. But does it really work, and how are you supposed to use it?

active charcoal teeth
Can this black powder really make teeth whiter?

In the quest to make your teeth whiter, probably the last thing you’d think of is covering them in something black. Still, some people swear by this treatment as a natural way to get whiter teeth – and there’s a good scientific reason why it does work.

Keep reading to find out what’s so special about this type of charcoal and the different ways you can use it in your oral hygiene routine. We have also researched some of the best products available in the US to take the confusion out of buying this at-home teeth whitener.

How does charcoal whiten teeth?

First, let’s be clear that this is NOT the same stuff that’s left over after a bonfire or available in art shops.

Activated charcoal – also called activated carbon – has special properties because of the way it is produced. The activation process involves subjecting the charcoal to very high temperatures, either chemically or with steam. This creates tiny, low-volume pores throughout the material which give it a huge surface area.

Here you can see the steps involved with making activated carbon from coconut shells:

Amazingly, just one gram of activated carbon has the surface area of more than 11 tennis courts, thanks to its complex structure.

This surface area lets the charcoal adsorb large amounts of other substances (meaning they stick to the surface of it). Inside your body, it can whisk chemicals and toxins out of your system. When applied to teeth, it encourages plaque, bacteria, and other particles to cling to it so they are all rinsed off together.

Note that teeth-whitening charcoal can only remove stains from the surface of your teeth. These are often caused by deep-colored foods and drinks, including:

  • tea
  • coffee
  • red wine
  • tomato sauces
  • curries

Charcoal in any form won’t make your teeth whiter than they naturally are. If your teeth are naturally quite yellow or have become discolored because of medication or a health condition, you’ll need to try another form of whitening.

Is it safe?

charcoal in filters
This mineral is used in water purification filters

It’s completely safe to ingest small amounts of activated charcoal. It is commonly used to treat cases of poisoning as it is so good at absorbing toxins before they enter the blood stream. It is also featured on the World Health Organisation’s list of essential medicines, so there should be no question over its safety.

Activated carbon is also used in a number of everyday products and processes such as water filters and the decaffeination of coffee. You probably make use of it every day without even realizing it.

When it comes to using it on teeth, some concerns have been raised about its abrasive nature. Charcoal is effective at removing surface stains on teeth, but there is also a risk that it will erode enamel, too. Our tooth enamel can’t replenish itself, so it’s not a good idea to keep scratching away at it.

As tooth enamel thins, the yellower inner layer of dentin starts to show through. So ironically, teeth whitening with an abrasive method can eventually lead to teeth becoming yellower.

Dentists warn against overuse of whitening toothpastes for the same reason. But, whereas traditional whitening toothpastes rely on brushing to be effective, charcoal pastes can “pull” some stains from the surface without brushing.

Precautions

If you’re worried about charcoal damaging your tooth enamel, you can always just apply a paste to your teeth and leave it for a few minutes. Then rinse, and brush as normal with your regular toothpaste if you like. Alternatively, use a charcoal paste to brush just a few times a week.

gum irritation
Don’t use if you have sore or bleeding gums

If you notice your gums becoming sore, switch back to your normal toothpaste for a while until they have recovered. Then you can resume brushing with charcoal – but perhaps do it less often.

Charcoal toothpaste generally doesn’t contain added fluoride. Some people see this as a benefit as they want to avoid additives. But in actual fact, fluoride is added to most commercial toothpastes because it is effective at strengthening teeth and fighting decay. This is another good reason to alternate your charcoal toothpaste with a regular one.

You shouldn’t brush with charcoal if you have any open wounds or ulcers in your mouth. If in doubt, speak to your dentist for a medical opinion. Also check with your dentist before use if you have any teeth implants, veneers or dental crowns. The materials used in these may be less resistant to staining from charcoal.

It’s not safe to inhale the powder, so do be careful when you use it at home.

Using activated charcoal for teeth whitening

We’ve already established that you can’t just pick up a bag of charcoal from your local petrol station and start rubbing it on your teeth. You can buy medically safe activated charcoal in several different forms from health food shops and online.

These include:

  • Powders (both loose and in capsule form)
  • Tablets
  • Toothpaste
  • Whitening strips

The tablets are primarily intended for ingestion to treat internal problems. You can, in theory, grind them up and add water to form a paste – but there are much less time-consuming ways to get the same result. Here is a quick overview of some of the products available, how to use them, and how effective they are:

Powder

Activated charcoal powder for teeth comes in tins or jars of 60-80g which should last for several months. The fine powder can be mixed with water or other ingredients for brushing (more on this below). You can buy it raw – just charcoal powder – or as a pre-mixed powder which contains other ingredients to help with whitening, breath freshness, and so on.

The best powdered activated charcoal in the US

raw charcoal powderIf it’s raw charcoal you’re after, we recommend Zen Charcoal’s food grade powder. They use hardwood trees grown in the US, and the powder is finely ground to make it suitable for a number of internal and external purposes, including tooth brushing and face masks.

One criticism of this product is the packaging, which some users found hard to re-seal once opened. As you can see, the powder is packaged in a pouch rather than a jar. It comes with a free scoop, but there is no guarantee this will be sitting neatly on top when you open it!

Other feedback is largely positive, though, and the manufacturer offers a 30-day money back guarantee just in case.

 

activewow activated charcoalFor a blended charcoal powder, the clear winner in terms of online reviews is Active Wow. This powder contains bentonite and orange seed oil in addition to organic activated coconut charcoal. The additional ingredients help with remineralization, whitening, and anti-inflammation.

Users report quick results, even on teeth stained from coffee, tea, and smoking. “It doesn’t give you the super white look, it looks natural and clean”, says one reviewer. “After 5 days, I’m stunned. My teeth are less sensitive, translucent spots are less noticeable or gone, and my teeth are shades whiter”, is the comment from another.

A handful of users do report problems with tooth or gum sensitivity, but this seems common to most products of this kind.

 

organic charcoal powderAnother popular blended product is Tuxedo’s natural and organic powder. This product is mixed with bentonite, baking soda, and lemon oil for extra whitening and freshness. The coconut shells used to make the charcoal are sourced in Sri Lanka and packaged in the US to food grade standards.

The jar contains just 1.2 ounces, which is fairly small compared to others, but this should still last 2-3 months depending on how often you use it.

Reviewers say it has a gritty texture but it gets great results; many speak of improved confidence after using it for just a few days.

 

How to use it

The following steps explain how to brush teeth with activated charcoal powder:

  1. Hold your toothbrush under running water to clean it and get all the bristles wet.
  2. Tap or shake it so the bristles are damp but are not holding any excess water.
  3. Hold your tin of charcoal powder over the sink and also lean over so your mouth is over the sink (this is so that any spills are easy to clean up).
  4. Dip your toothbrush about a quarter of the way into the powder (you only need a little).
  5. Lightly brush your teeth for the time stated on the product packaging.
  6. Don’t be put off by your scary black mouth.
  7. Rinse thoroughly by brushing with water.

Alternatively, you can mix a small amount of powder and water together in a container to form a paste. In the following video, you can see one regular user explaining how she brushes her teeth with charcoal. One thing she particularly likes about it is that she doesn’t experience the same sensitivity she did with other whitening products.

A word of warning: although charcoal removes stains from your teeth, it will itself stain a lot of other things. Keep the powder away from things like clothing, carpets, and tile grouting.

You can also buy powdered charcoal in individual capsules, suitable for ingestion. It’s possible to break one or two of these open to access the powder for brushing, as the girl in the video did. Some people find this less messy than using a tin, while others have problems with the powder going everywhere when they open the capsule.

Toothpaste

If you use a pre-mixed toothpaste containing activated charcoal, teeth whitening becomes much less messy. You simply apply it to your toothbrush as you would with your regular toothpaste. Some people also prefer a toothpaste because of the familiar taste and texture.

natural charcoal toothpasteFineVine Activated Coconut Charcoal Toothpaste is a popular product made with all-natural ingredients. As well as coconut charcoal it contains coconut oil, baking soda, and peppermint oil.

This product is made in the US and comes with a satisfaction guarantee. There is mixed feedback on the taste – one user comments that it tastes better than their normal toothpaste while another says it tastes like clay.

There is no fluoride in the toothpaste, which could be a pro or a con depending on your preferences.

Generally, the product receives great feedback and even charcoal whitening sceptics are convinced by the results.

Homemade charcoal toothpaste

If you want the convenience of a toothpaste but prefer to make it yourself, you can buy powdered activated charcoal and mix your own toothpaste in batches.

You can form a thick paste with the powder and water, but some people prefer to use coconut oil because of its anti-bacterial properties. Store the paste in a small tin or airtight container for a week or two.

Toothbrushes

livecoco charcoal toothbrush heads
You can even get charcoal toothbrush heads for your electric toothbrush.

Charcoal toothbrushes are not actually made from the mineral itself, but the bristles are infused with it. The brush, therefore, takes on some of the adsorption properties to pull bacteria and plaque from your teeth.

There is no scientific evidence to show that these toothbrushes are more effective at cleaning and whitening, especially over time. Still, there is certainly no harm in using one to supplement your charcoal toothpaste or powder.

Many varieties come with an eco-friendly, biodegradable bamboo handle, but plastic handles are also available. You can even get a charcoal fiber toothbrush head to fit an Oral-B electric toothbrush!

Whitening strips

Another way to use activated charcoal to whiten teeth is with whitening strips. They are not the most effective way to whiten teeth but they do have their place.

Whereas traditional whitening strips contain peroxide, some varieties use the stain-removing properties of charcoal. This makes them a gentler way to achieve results, especially if you have sensitive teeth.

activated charcoal teeth stripsTansmile’s activated charcoal whitening strips are a popular choice. You receive 14 sets of strips which can be used once or twice a day, for 30 minutes per session.

Reviewers comment that they stick well on teeth, are cheaper than some peroxide alternatives and don’t cause sensitivity. And, most importantly, they do a good job of whitening.

“Fast results at a great price! Stick very well. After a couple rounds, my teeth look great!”, is the comment from one user.

They are flavored with natural menthol, and people have also commented on the pleasant taste. The strips can remove surface stains, but any whitening effects will probably lessen when you stop using them. Another option is to just use a set whenever you want to give your teeth a boost, for example for a special event.

Activated charcoal whitening products comparison

Below you’ll find a table to summarize and compare all the products we’ve discussed in this article.

Raw powder Powder blend Toothpaste Whitening strips
Recommended brand Zen Charcoal Active Wow FineVine Tansmile
Unit size 8oz or 40oz 59ml 4 oz 14 sets
Pros Food grade, good value, fine texture Good results, has remineralizing properties All-natural ingredients, fresh taste Pleasant taste, stick well to teeth, quick results
Cons Messy, packaged in a pouch Messy to use, may cause sensitivity Can be messy, no fluoride Results may fade quickly

Conclusion

You can use activated charcoal on your teeth in the form of a powder, toothpaste, or strip. There are benefits and drawbacks to each of these products, so experiment to see what works best for you.

Keep in mind that that the only way to get your teeth whiter than their natural shade is with teeth bleaching. This doesn’t have to be expensive though – many home whitening kits produce good results.

Above all, remember that the best way to keep your teeth clean and healthy is to visit your dentist and hygienist regularly. If you have any underlying oral health issues, any whitening treatment may aggravate them and cause pain or sensitivity.

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Activated Charcoal for Teeth Whitening – Does it Really Work?
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